What Is The Best Option For Your Startup? – Purchase Debentures Or Issue Shares. 

When financing a new startup business, you can choose from personal investment, family, friends, angel investors, venture capital, bank loans, Small Business Administration  (SBA), or bootstrapping. All options have their own uprising and disadvantages. It is good to look at all available options, which are available, and select the best option.    

So, here’s a small comparison between purchasing debentures and issuing shares as a means to raise funds. 

There are 3 kinds of investor funding in a start-up:

  • Equity

  • Loans

  • Convertible debt

Equity: How It Works 

In this way, the investor gets a stake in your company when you invest in your company. Equity remains the most popular form of capital due to its long-term nature. Set a specific valuation on the company and get a percentage of the company’s stock based on the amount provided by the investor. 

This option is ideal for companies that take a long time to start generating revenue. Internet companies and e-commerce companies take time to liquidate, but in such cases, it is advisable to opt for stock issuance as it can avoid debt for a longer period of time. Equity is the cheapest thing you can put up for sale if you need a significant amount of cash to sustain your growth before you start making a profit. It is also the most preferred option for those who do not have collateral to pledge in their name. 

Loans need to provide something as collateral to mitigate the risk of financial institutions.  Also, some companies need huge capital to get up and running, and in such cases, even bootstraps don’t work, and as a result, some stock to achieve their goals. I have to spend. 

Equity also tends to help industries with the potential for exponential growth. While the idea of ​​a local coffee shop may not be able to attract many capital buyers,  new ventures related to the expansion of the field of robotics may attract many investors.


Debentures are corporate or government bonds that are not secured by assets. All forms of debentures are bonds, but not all bonds are debentures. Fixed bonds can be their own class and can be identified by collateral associated with bonds. Since the collateral is not back, the structuring of bonds will be more dangerous than secure debt expenses. However, debt securities will reduce risks than preferred shares by advanced liquidation. Debt securities are intentional shares if bankruptcy or liquidation occurs as debt securities. There are two major types of debentures: 

  • Convertible debentures

  • Non-convertible debentures

All debentures follow the standard structuring process and have a common function. First, a trust indenture is designed with the reliability between the issuing company and the trust of investors. Next, the coupon rate is determined. In other words, the Company pays for the debenture holder or investors. This rate can be defined as floating and relies on the creditworthiness of the company and the creditworthiness of bonds. Cautions usually increase interest payments as a protection debt to compensate for part of collateral risk.

Each debenture agreement also describes the repayment in the case of liquidation in detail. Debenture holders are paid in front of the preferred shareholder but can be subordinate to other types of debt such as senior loans. If funds are permitted, the training holder can receive the complete repayment of annexes to a bond that is interested in interest. Each liquidation is different, which affects the final expense of the debenture holder. 

Advantages Of Using A Debentures


  1. Debentures are classified as creditors and therefore receive refund privileges. 
  2. Director received reinsurance and financial protection. 
  3. Perhaps a way to develop business for a long  time with low fixed costs 
  4. Debentures holders must be repaid before dividends can be paid to shareholders. 
  5. Social properties do not increase and therefore, participation is the same. The debts form a form of debt financing and thus provide a tax cost. 
  6. Assets are not diluted in society. 
  7. A Debentures provides a disciplinary effect because interest payments are independent of the interest amount.  

Disadvantages Of Using A  Debenture

  1. Inflexibility to pay the debenture holder 
  2. If the debenture is secured, the company may not have the freedom to sell certain assets.  
  3. Debenture holders cannot vote or participate in profits.
  4. Not a good investment choice in times of low inflation 

Special Considerations

A primary consideration for selecting between preference shares and debentures depends on risk. Preference shareholders are usually promised dividends and certain liquidation rights. However, shares still trade publicly on an exchange with a value largely determined by the market.

A debenture can be less risky than preference shares but will also typically have a lower expected return. With a debenture, the owner is promised full repayment of the principal investment plus interest over a particular period. Debentures also are higher on the seniority ranking for reimbursement if a company must liquidate.